In the late 1990s, the required test method changed from neutral or negative pressure to positive pressure to more accurately simulate the conditions of a fire in the real world. Today, the IBC requires side-hinged or swinging fire doors to be tested with positive pressure, using either UL 10C or NFPA 252.
Fire rated doors are subjected to endurance testing where the specimen is exposed to extreme heat of up to 1925 degrees F for the maximum 180 minute rating. If the door remains in the frame with no through openings and limits flames, it is certified with an endurance rating of either 20/45/60/90/180 minutes.
After the fire endurance test, the test specimen is subjected to the hose stream test, where a fire hose delivers water at 30 psi from 20 feet away. Note that building codes throughout the US typically stipulate that 20 minute doors are exempt from the hose stream test.
In certain applications, fire doors are also required to limit the transmission of heat from one side to the other to protect building occupants so they can safely exit the building. Known as temperature rise doors, these doors carry a temperature rise rating in addition to the hourly rating. Temperature rise ratings are either 250 degrees F, 450 degrees F or 650 degrees F, indicating the maximum rise above ambient temperature on the non-fire side measured during the first 30 minutes of a standard fire endurance test. A 250 degree F temperature rise rating is considered to be the most stringent, and would meet the requirements of a specification requiring 450 degrees F or 650 degrees F.
Smoke and Draft Control
Some fire rated doors, such as 20 minute doors in fire resistance rated corridors or smoke barriers, may also require testing for smoke infiltration under UL 1784, Standard for Air Leakage Tests of Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives.
Architectural Armour offer a range of fire rated products to different standards, please click the relevant link below to find out more
Fire Rated Products
Security Counters and Screens Physical, Ballistic or Blast resisting counters for any application to keep staff secure
Fire Windows Available as fire rated only or combined with our bullet, attack or blast windows.
Fire Resistant Doors A combination of fire protection and security rated doors made to measure.
Fire Resistant Glass E30 to EI120 , Physical and Ballistic options available
For our full range of technical specifications please click on relevant headings below
EN 1063 Glass in Building - Security Glazing - Testing and Classification of Resistance Against Bullet Attack
UL 752 Standard for Bullet-Resisting Equipment
BS 5051 Bullet-resistant glazing - Part 1: for interior use- Part 2: for Exterior use
NIJ 0108.01 US National Institute of Justice Standard-Test and Certification for Ballistic Resistant Materials
EN 1522/3 Windows, doors, shutters and blinds - Bullet resistance - Requirements and classification /Test method
GSA-TS01:2003 Standard Test Method for Glazing and Window Systems Subject to Dynamic Overpressure Loadings
EN 13541 Glass in building - Security glazing - Testing and classification of resistance against explosion pressure
EN 13123-2 Windows, doors and shutters - Explosion resistance - Requirements and classification
ISO 16933:2007 Glass in Building -- Explosion-Resistant Security Glazing -- Test & Classification for Arena Air-Blast Loading
EN 1363-1 Fire resistance tests –Part 1: General Requirements
EN 1364-1 Fire resistance tests for non-load-bearing elements – Part 1: Walls
BS 476 Part 22 Fire tests on building materials and structures
EN 1634-1 Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and elements of building hardware
EN 1627 Pedestrian door-sets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters - Burglar resistance - Requirements and classification
LPS 1270 Intruder Resistant Security Glazing - Requirements & Testing Procedures
LPS 1175 Requirements and testing procedures for the LPCB certification and listing of intruder resistant building components, strongpoints, security enclosures and free-standing barriers
EN 356 Glass in building - Security glazing - Testing and classification of resistance against manual attack.
LPS 1175 and 1270 Tool Categories Testing procedures for the LPCB approval
This is an extract not a full report and Architectural Armour Ltd accepts no liability for any loss, direct, indirect or consequential damage incurred by using this information, to the fullest extent permitted by law. You should make your own judgement as regards use of this document and seek out the full test standards.
Architectural Armour were commissioned to provide ballistic resistant products for a new armoury at a UK International Airport.
We read it all the time in the news headlines, multiple attackers arrive on stolen mopeds, dressed in black with helmets covering their faces smashing their way through glass shopfronts and glazed screens.